domingo, 2 de enero de 2011

History of Russia, Krasnoyarsk 1959

Farther north, 40 km before arriving at Krasnoyarsk, is built on the Yenisei near ka Vivnogorsk new city of the vast Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric plant, which has an installed capacity of five million kilowatts.

His dam reaches 120 meters. Each turbine is a half million kilowatts. It is so large mechanical complex that could not be transported by train from Leningrad, and had to be sent by the Northern sea route.

The energy produced by this plant copeks 0.03 cost, ie, it is much cheaper than the average number of hydroelectric power in the USSR. If it is estimated that each kilowatt of power replaces the work of six or seven men, you can ensure that the central Krasnoyarsk physical labor made about forty million people, ie twice the entire current population of Siberia.

In August 1959, the first builders jumped into the river bottom, which at that point does a speed of seven meters per second, a stone on which was written: "Doblégate, Yenisei!". Shortly afterwards they began to draw the outline of the plant. Along with the dam was installed in an inclined plane, a sort of elevator for boats, a boat capable of going up in eight or nine minutes.Krasnoyarsk is the center of a huge territory, along the Yenisei, stretches across Siberia. The city had been confined too long on the left bank of the river, but then happened also to the right. It instead found new industrial undertakings, which were distributed along the street that has been given the name of the local newspaper, Krasnoiarki Rabochy (the Krasnoyarsk worker).
After several years, on the right bank live more than half of the population as a whole, reaches half a million inhabitants. Among the banks, beyond the old railway bridge, is the new bridge for vehicular traffic, which has a length of more than two miles. The city has become one of the most important industrial centers. Many of its factories are linked, and all use the same raw material: wood. These are the factories of synthetic rubber, artificial fiber, hydrolysis, and silk tires aritificial, in addition to pulp and paper Kombinati. But there are many empresas'mas, producing riverboats, steel, machine tool, large bridge cranes, metal frames, cement, agricultural machines, TV, piano and penicillin.

Hydro and some thermal energy supplied, over time, an aluminum factory and works in the vicinity of the city, which should become the largest center for synthetic aluminum rolled products at low prices. Kransnoiarsk around a mountain range rises. On the left bank where it came from the old part of town, in the angle between the Yenisei and its tributary the Kacha, the hills are interrupted by a wall and cut straight to peak, which are reddish loam. Hence the name of the city (Krasny, in Russian, is red). At the top, stands an old stone tower, ending in point, which is visible from afar. In another era, served to monitor, from the mountain Karaúlnaia, the possible proximity of enemies.

Also on the left bank, stands on the mountain railway station Afontova, which today is covering scientific institutions. At the foot of an ascent, we retained the beautiful home that housed the library of the merchant Yudin, coming to America before the revolution, another library is frequented by Lenin when he was in Siberia.

From the top, the panorama of the city is impressive: 250 km of roads, an industrial complex that is lost in the horizon, new buildings on the crest of the heights, and all the banks of river im awesome. In this place we understand what's developing Siberia. The main street of the left is the prospect of Peace, which runs parallel to the Yenisey from the station at the confluence of the Kacha, crosses a square in which, on one side, a park that is the residue of pine forest in the middle of which emerged once the city.

When viewed from the right bank is above some forested hills, a rock with the very sharp point, called Takmak. It is part of the national park in which are the famous "stones of Krasnoyarsk, a group of rocks in a very strange" Grandpa ", the" Pen ", the" Grandma "and" Toad "and so onIn one of these rocks, in an inaccessible point, is still preserved from prerevolutionary times the inscription "Liberty."
There is a museum in Krasnoyarsk Surikov painter in the house of his birth. The river station of the city is one of the best in the country. Next to it is preserved, protected under glass, a scale model of San Nicolas, the ship's wheel in which Lenin was deported, so far.

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